Over the last few weekends I have gone out on my old Kayak and played around several Inlets. The weather pattern throughout several weeks in June 2014 was conducive for going out on the Ocean: Light West wind in the morning creates very calm water, and low tide in the late morning allows to first ride out the inlet with the outgoing tide, then play around on the open water or rest somewhere on the beach, and around noon or early afternoon ride the incoming tide back through the inlet. Plus on most days the Wind shifts to SouthEast for the familiar on-shore sea-breeze once the day gets really hot. So on an ideal day you can paddle with the current and tailwind twice on an out-&-back round-trip!

Jupiter Inlet

The first of those trips was on Sunday, Jun-8, at the Jupiter inlet. I parked the car near the Southern end of Jupiter Island, not far from the Coral Cove Park. One of the advantages here is that you can go out the Intracoastal, past the turn with the Jupiter lighthouse, then out the inlet. The water here can be very clear, but only when the tide is coming in – otherwise you get the murky water from the Loxahatchee River. Here is the GPS track from this outing:


Not surprisingly, it is a very hot day. The color of the graph shows temperature, generally between 27C (green) and about 37C (red). Once further out on the calm water I strap on the snorkel gear and go for a swim. During the 20-25min intervals the temperature is that of the Ocean water, a refreshing 27C (marked in green). Note how I drift during the snorkel with the Kayak due to the Gulf stream Ocean current, more significant the further out one goes. I tie a dive flag to the Kayak and myself, so I do get noticed in the water by boat traffic and do not get separated from the Kayak. I also use the Inlet as a way to orient myself, specifically the ability to see the A1A bridge through the Inlet.


Launching on the Intracoastal just North of the Jupiter Island bridge


Under the Bridge to Jupiter island


Passing other Kayaks on the Intracoastal


Taking a break on the jetty of the Jupiter Inlet, looking North to the beaches of Jupiter Island


The Jupiter Lighthouse


Drifting back in with incoming tide under Jupiter Island bridge

This trip was about 12 km and 3.5 hours. One of the most enjoyable aspects was the snorkel way out in the Ocean. I had never gone out that far off the coast, almost 3 km. My only concern was to watch for thunderstorm clouds forming, as you do not want to get caught far off the beach when a storm is brewing. The next day I read in the newspaper that about 2 hours after I stood there and took the photo at the jetty, a boating accident killed one young man snorkeling in the water right near the inlet. One always has to pay attention when in the water.

Palm Beach Inlet and Peanut Island

The following weekend (Sun, Jun-15) I take the kayak out to nearby Palm Beach inlet. I park at the Phil Foster Park, right on the East end of the big Blue Heron bridge. This is a popular dive and snorkel spot, with some artificial reefs and shallow water diving with lots of fish right off the parking lot. Here is the GPS track, again with temperature overlay.


I didn’t time it quite as well today, as the tide is already starting to come in as I’m starting and there is a good SE breeze and as a result a moderate 3-5 ft swell on the open water. Consequently I am hugging the North shoreline of the Inlet so as to not having to work too hard against the current of the incoming tide. This gives me a good upper-body workout as this outing overall will be a bit shorter. Once out of the inlet I cross the current and round a large buoy. There are too many waves and so I decide not to snorkel out here. Instead, I let the current carry me back in and then pause at a small pier on the Northern End of N Ocean Blvd on Palm Beach Island. I remember this place form many bike rides up from Delray Beach which naturally end on this pier. Under the pier there are some coral and quite a lot of fish, so it’s actually fairly interesting to snorkel around here. (See green spot in the GPS track due to the cooler water temperature.)

After that refreshing break I continue with the current and decide to round Peanut Island on the way back. There is a good amount of boat traffic on a sunny weekend so I need to pay attention and stay close to the shore. The trip was about 6.5 km and 2 hours.

Saint Lucie Inlet and Hutchinson Island

The following weekend (Sun, Jun-22) I want to go for a bit longer trip. I start early (6:30am) and drive about 45min North to the town of Stuart. The Sandsprit Park there is a popular place to launch boats and has generous facilities and parking space. By the time I get on the water it is about 8am. From my Bing map it appears as if I can do a loop around some canals, which I decide to try. Unfortunately this turns out to be a dead end after about 80% of the distance, so I have to return the same way and pass the launch site after 1.5 hrs of very hot paddling (due to lack of Ocean breeze). Here is the GPS track of the entire day:


After that dead-end round-trip I enjoy the open water of the the Saint Lucie Inlet, separating Jupiter Island to the South form Hutchinson Island to the North. The tide is going out and the current is now very strong. Normally my speed on the old double kayak is about 5 km/h in calm water, on this stretch my average is about 9 km/h, with max above 11 km/h. I could not go back directly against such a strong current, which is why I need to bring plenty of time (to wait for the tide to turn) or find another way to return. I stop at a sandbank at the Northern tip of Jupiter Island. As there are no roads leading to this part of the island it is very quiet and peaceful here. After a little break I cross the inlet and round the tip of Hutchinson Island. The rocks of the jetty here are spaced apart and except for low tide one can pass through them. I need to pay attention here as the current of the tide around these rocks feels like a river with rocks in the middle. Beyond that to the North lies to so-called Bathtub Reef, a very nice spot for snorkeling. I spend about 1/2 hour in the water, which is very refreshing. I swim in the calm and shallow waters to see various coral formations.

Launching at Sandsprit Park

Launching at Sandsprit Park

One of several road bridges in the canal near Sandsprit Park

One of several road bridges in the canal near Sandsprit Park

Paddling out the Saint Lucie Inlet with Jupiter Island to the right

Paddling out the Saint Lucie Inlet with Jupiter Island to the right

Taking a break on the sand bank

Taking a break on the sand bank

Near Bathtub Beach at site of portage across the road to get to Intracoastal

Near Bathtub Beach at site of portage across the road to get to Intracoastal

After portage launching into Intracoastal for direct line back to Sandsprit Park

After portage launching into Intracoastal for direct line back to Sandsprit Park

Back at Sandsprit Park

Back at Sandsprit Park

One solution to the problem of going against the tide current is to avoid the inlet altogether: I go North and portage across the very narrow part of Hutchinson Island, essentially just across the beach and the road at Bathtub Beach. This brings me back to the wide Intracoastal. Due to the now very low tide there are some stretches of very shallow water; at times I have to get out and walk as there is barely more than a few inches of water under the kayak. Coming back around the Southern tip of Sewalls Point it gets very hot again, around 35C. I am fairly tired by the time I’m back at Sandsprit Park and happy to get out of the sun and heat. Good thing I brought enough sunscreen and applied it repeatedly to avoid sunburn. This was a much longer trip than the previous two, about 21 km and 4.5 hours.

Miami and Key Biscayne

After a few weeks of rainy and stormy weather there is finally another good weekend for kayaking in July. This time I plan to go back down to Miami and circumnavigate Key Biscayne, which I had done twice before, once with my son Philip many years ago. Paddling around Key Biscayne is about a 4 hour trip and provides a nice variety of sandy beaches, a lighthouse and mangrove settings. This time, however, I have an even longer loop in mind: How about combining Key Biscayne with the Miami downtown area and the canal for the big cruise ships? I check the tide schedule and with low tide at 9:45am I figure I need to start very early to take full advantage of the tide current.

I load up the kayak on my car the evening before so I can leave very early in the morning. At 5:30am on Saturday, Jul-19 I start driving down to Miami. Unfortunately there is over-night construction on I95 reducing the highway down to just one lane, which costs me about a half hour in stop-&-go traffic. Not what I had planned, but I am still early enough by the time I get to the Rickenbacker Causeway and park my car. From here I plan a roughly rectangular course. Here is the GPS track:


The first hour or so I’m following the skyline of downtown Miami. It’s somewhat surreal to be paddling right next to tall skyscrapers and hotel buildings. At the very beginning there are even a few raindrops, which makes me wonder whether the forecast of low percentage of rain is going to come to pass. I’m rounding the Brickell Key which opens up the view towards the Miami river. Big yachts are mooring here, right in between the downtown hotels and office buildings.

View at mouth of Miami River near Brickell Key

View at mouth of Miami River near Brickell Key

From here its just a short distance to Bayside, with its Hard Rock Cafe and various other cafes and restaurants. I remember this place from many visits a long time ago when I first moved to Florida, by now 18 years ago. I pass the American Airlines Arena, among others home to the Basketball games of the Miami Heat. Next up are the big cruise ships on Dodge Island, Carnival Cruise Lines and other megaships. I notice one of those cruise ships closing the back loading dock and think to myself, perhaps I’ll see this ship later on.

Cruise Ships in Miami

Cruise Ships in Miami

In the meantime I go a bit further North under the bridge of the MacArthur Causeway, the big highway connecting Miami with Miami Beach. Here I need to paddle fast against the noticeable tidal current pulling the water out the big ship channel to the Ocean.I round the NW corner of the rectangular course and head roughly East towards Miami Beach. There are a few of the small, artificial islands with some of the most expensive real estate in the world: Palm Island, Hibiscus Island and Star Island. I get a slight current pulling me along while I look at the mega-mansions along the water line. Here is a photo of a 28,000 sq.ft mega-estate on a 6 acre lot on Star Island, assessed at $52m for tax purposes according to Zillow:

Big Estate on Star Island

Big Estate on Star Island

So definitely a lot of variety here, with prime views from the waterline in the kayak. Then I round the Miami Beach marina and follow the government cut canal out to the Ocean. At one point a small Pilot boat passes me; this probably means there is some bigger vessel following behind. And when I turn around near the end of the rock jetty, as expected from earlier in my paddle, I see the Bimini Resort cruise ship coming by. Quite impressive the size of these things when you look at it from a kayak:

Cruise Ship leaving the Miami inlet channel

Cruise Ship leaving the Miami inlet channel

The water displacement effect of this ship in the narrow channel is quite noticeable. First the water is pushed out sideways which creates an outflowing current around the rocks – I need to paddle a bit to stay clear of the last rocks. Just a half minute later the current reverses as the water is rushing back into the channel once the big vessel has parted.

I decide to take a bit of a break here in the calm and clear water and go snorkel on the North side of the rocks lining the channel. The by now familiar change into snorkel gear – fins, mask and snorkel – and I’m floating in the water holding on to my trusted companion:

Snorkeling next to Kayak near Miami Ship channel outlet

Snorkeling next to Kayak near Miami Ship channel outlet

I apply some more sunscreen as the sun is getting really intense now. The following section from here on South is less eventful. Fisher Island and then Virginia Beach pass by slowly on the right side. My course is towards the first park on Key Biscayne. It is about 4 hours after I left in the morning by the time I reach the beach at Crandon Park. I need to get some rest, water and shade. I pull the kayak ashore, take my drybag and the (expensive) carbon paddles with me, then retreat to the shade of a big tree next to some shower and restroom facilities. I eat some snacks and refill one of the four water bottles I brought about 3-4 times. I will need to stay hydrated for such a long paddle.

Lunch break and rest at Crandon Park on Key Biscayne

Lunch break and rest at Crandon Park on Key Biscayne

After a bit more than 1 hour I feel refreshed and continue on south. Lots of water sports here, wave-runners and standup paddle boards, plus hundreds of people swimming or just lounging in the water to escape from the heat. In the meantime, there are some big storm clouds brewing just West of Miami. At times they get so big that even the big jets intending to land at Miami International airport fly a few big loops to wait for them to pass. I sure hope they will not come further East out to the water, as that would require me to pause, if not abandon my kayak trip.

Big storm clouds brewing West of Miami

Big storm clouds brewing West of Miami

About 6.5 hours after I started in the morning I finally get close to the Cape Florida Lighthouse marking the Southern tip of Key Biscayne. It is a beautiful summer day and there are big crowds here in the Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park. No entrance fee when you arrive by kayak from the water; but I need to keep going, as I want to meet up with friends later on.

Cape Florida Lighthouse

Cape Florida Lighthouse

I turn the SE corner of my course and head NW again. In the far distance I see the tall buildings in Coconut Grove which is broadly where I need to head. In this section the heat is almost unbearable: The SE breeze is now at my back and also slowing down due to the fallout of the big storm clouds from the West; this creates some very unusual cloud formations and also wide-spread lift which the various birds in the area are leveraging to get up high and continue on their journey without effort.

Near the SW corner of Key Biscayne there are a large number of boats anchoring in shallow water. It is party central, loud music playing, lots of noise and people, mixed with exhaust fumes and beer cans floating in the water. Compared to the quiet journey so far this is the most unusual spot. I often ask myself why people pay much money to get out on the water in a boat, only to then congregate with many others in such a cacophony of loud music and booze. Definitely not my scene. Much to my surprise, there is a small pod of dolphins swimming around here, a welcome contrast to the dozens if not hundreds of boats lining the horizon:

Party Boats and dolphins in foreground

Party Boats and dolphins in foreground

The next leg across Biscayne Bay is the hardest of the trip. The water is choppy, the wind doesn’t help much, I’m tired from by now more than 7 hours on the water, and I’m late for my rendevouz with friends. It is a 10 km straight line distance to get across Biscayne Bay to the Dinner Key Marina. I am getting very tired and also very thirsty. I should stop, drink and call my friends, but somehow I always tell myself that I’ll be there soon and so I continue on. Eventually I get close enough to see various boats and hope to spot Barry and his family who should be anchoring near the West Islands Park. Finally their boat comes into view and I paddle straight to them, fairly exhausted 8h 45min after leaving in the morning.

Relaxing and Refueling on board Plan B, my friend Barry's sailboat

Relaxing and Refueling on board Plan B, my friend Barry’s sailboat

The next two hours are pure bliss: Barry and his family offer up a wide variety of snacks and cold water bottles while we are chatting and relaxing on board his sailboat. We are watching many nice boats go by in and out of the Dinner Key Marina, a boater’s paradise down here. If it was up to me I would not want to leave for many more hours, but I have about another hour of paddling from here to get back to the car, so eventually and reluctantly I hop back into my kayak and set off.

Barry's family and friends waving my off in the evening

Barry’s family and friends waving my off in the evening

Thanks to the still fairly high tide I can round the little Key with just a small sand bank requiring me to walk and push the kayak – making for another scenic photo opportunity.

Around West Islands Park, another hour of paddling to go

Around West Islands Park, another hour of paddling to go

The last hour is slow due to some light headwind and waves, as well as great fatigue in my arms and shoulders. I pass the Mercy hospital where a helicopter lands – probably bringing some accident victim from somewhere in the Miami area. Beyond that is the famous Villa Vizcaya, which Jill and I visited just last year. I take some photo but it’s late and getting dark so they are all blurry. At long last I reach the Rickenbacker Causeway and head straight back to where I had parked the car.

Back at Rickenbacker Causeway, some 12 hours after leaving

Back at Rickenbacker Causeway, some 12 hours after leaving

I am very tired now, but also very content with having closed this loop. Almost 12 hours (8am-8pm) and nearly 9 hours of paddling, with 39 km distance, that’s far and away the longest paddle I have done.

Fatigued, but happy with the day

Fatigued, but happy with the day

Now I have about 1 hour to get to the airport to pick up my son Philip who happens to come back from a 3 week vacation in Austria with his grand parents. I tie down the kayak, eat some snacks and drink several bottles of water and gatorade which I had wisely stashed in the car. The drive home is filled with stories from Philip’s vacation and my long day. I am too tired to unload and wash everything tonight, that will have to wait until tomorrow. Good thing next day is a Sunday, and I can recover at home with sore shoulders and a few blisters, but also some magnificent memories about a day in Biscayne Bay.

Around Singer Island

In the spring of 2018 we had very nice weather here in South Florida. In late February, I had loaded my kayak up on my car, drove the 8 miles to the Palm Beach Inlet, put in on the Atlantic side and thought about paddling home from there. Due to my late departure and the still very short days, however, I abandoned that idea and paddled back ashore after about 2 hours, walked about a mile back to the car and was home just before sunset. But the idea of paddling home from the Palm Beach Inlet had been fresh on my mind…

3 weeks later, on Sunday, Mar-18, the weather was again very good, warm, sunny, but still dry air, crystal-clear water, and a slight wind from the North, shifting to the SE in the afternoon. Tides were also favorable for me to finally attempt a round-trip from home, without the need for a car.


At first, I would need to get the kayak to the beach. A few years ago some friend gave us an old two-wheeled cart which I suspected might allow me to roll the kayak the ~ 1mile to the beach. It’s about 12:30 when I set off across the boardwalk behind our house.


It’s a bit wobbly, and once the contraption comes off the kayak, which requires me to awkwardly strap it back on. But after some 20 minutes of slow rolling the kayak, I get to the beach, store the cart in the bushes (to pick up later while walking our dog) and drag my kayak out to the water.


The conditions are very good; the Ocean is flat as the Easterly seabreeze hasn’t set in yet. And the water is very clear, inviting to jump in in case it gets too hot. Good thing I brought the snorkeling gear along.


The first part seems slow, at about 5km/h as measured by the GPS of my Suunto wrist watch. But I have plenty of daylight ahead of me, thanks in part due to the recent switch to daylight savings time, which means the sun will set after 7pm.

I pass the John D. MacArthur Beach State Park on the right – it is here that Jill and I frequently rented single kayaks in the past. Lots of beach-goers and sun-bathers in this area, and I need to pay attention to the occasional swimmer. There are also plenty of small sharks in the water, easily recognized by their dorsal fin. The water is clear enough to see them from a distance of say 10m, but they rarely allow me to come closer, so it’s almost impossible to take close-up photos of them.

The sun is already very intense and there are no clouds in the sky today. Hence I seek reprieve in the first shadow I can find, which comes from the first tall building on Singer Island.


I use this short break to munch on a cereal bar, drink some water, and apply fresh sunscreen. From here on South there are more tourists, many coming to South Florida for a week during spring break. The skyline shows many condo-towers as I’m heading South, closely tracking the shore line.


Other than a life-guard at Ocean Reef park yelling at me for supposedly endangering the swimmers by tracking too close to the shore, there is not much going on along this stretch. (I thought the life-guard was responding in a disproportionate way by yelling and blowing his whistle, as if there was an imminent danger to the swimmers. With no surf and very little wind there is practically no risk my kayak would even get close to a swimmer, much less pose a threat to them.)

After about 3 hours I reach the Palm Beach Inlet and pull my kayak ashore. It is hot and the water is very tempting. I grab my snorkel and play around in the water right near the jetty where the Inlet begins. On one side the water is clear from the Ocean, on the other side it is quite murky from the Intracoastal. Low tide is about a half hour from now, so the murky water has been flowing out into the Ocean (and to the South of the Inlet).


To rest and also to later take advantage of the rising tide I decide to spend a bit more time here. Plenty of fishermen and other swimmers are out and about, it is an all around beautiful day to be at the beach.


Eventually around 4pm I get back on the kayak and round the rocks at the jetty. This marks the halfway point of this fairly long trip. Jill and I often ride down here on the tandem, which is a short ride on the road. In fact, we often pause at this little gazebo right at the inlet – today I see it from a different perspective.


The next stretch goes past Peanut Island, always a big party scene on sunny weekends. Dozens of boats anchor close to one another, with the low tide allowing people and their dogs to walk along the sandbanks. Many speakers compete in blaring the loudest music, all in all a somewhat hectic part of the trip.

I paddle under Blue Heron Blvd going North, past Phil Foster Park with its public boat ramp and beach and eventually reach the quieter waters of the Intracoastal. Thankfully the wind has by now shifted to the SE, which gives me wind from the side, if not from the back. After another 3km of paddling I reach Little Munyon Island, a tiny but idyllic island just South of Munyon Island (which is part of the John MacArthur state park). A welcome rest stop and time for some refreshing drink and a brief text message to home .


It’s another 8km to paddle from here, and I’m getting quite tired in shoulders and arms. However, the weather is perfect, the light is warm, and the rising tide gives me a bit of a boost once I get into the Intracoastal where I can feel the current going in my direction.

Soon I arrive at the drawbridge of US1 across the Intracoastal in North Palm Beach. Not that I need to wait for the bridge to open up, it just so happens that I get there at 5:45pm when it opens.


Soon thereafter I reach the PGA Blvd bridge, with the many nearby restaurants. I’m tempted to call Jill and meet her here – I could finally say that I arrived by boat for dinner 🙂 DSCN3813

The sun is getting low, but I’m now less than 3km from home, just over 1/2 hour of paddling remaining. Beautiful light makes for various rewarding photo motives along the way.

There is one more obstacle to clear, namely the boat lift and wall separating the brackish water of the Intracoastal from the fresh water of the canal in the community to the South of ours.


I struggle heaving the kayak over the wall as I’m really tired by now after 6 hours of paddling. Eventually I get back to the very point I started at noon. I pull the kayak out of the water and drag it a short 30m to our front yard where I hose it down with fresh water from our garden hose – much to the delight of our dog Jackie.


I’m happy to have made it back before sunset, which gives a very pleasant end to this wonderful afternoon adventure. Why can’t the weather be like this all year round?